Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God: Mother of God
One of the hackneyed anti-Catholic diatribes is that Catholic worship Mary. You probably heard this if you were ever part of a Christian men’s or women’s group, or a college Christian ministry of some sort. Or perhaps you sent your child to a Christian school that says it respects all religions, but you had to explain to your son and daughter that something the teacher or principal said about Catholics and Mary was incorrect. When I hear parishioners complain about these situations, I wish I could say to those people telling us Catholics what we believe, “Oh please, Mr and Mrs Bigot. Can you try to be a bit more original? Why don’t you throw in that Catholics never open a bible or have scripture as part of their worship? How about saying that the papal army is planning to conquer the United States? That Swiss Guard must be mighty dangerous with its halberds.” The bigots that we all deal with are just plan silly. Of course we don’t worship Mary. We worship God in His Infinite Trinity of Love, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. When we pray to Mary, we ask her to intercede with her Son for us. No created being is closer to Jesus than her. This is the meaning of her title, Queen of Heaven.
Our belief in the special reverence due to Mary goes back to the earliest days of the Church, in fact, even before the Church became Church on Pentecost Sunday. It was on Calvary that Jesus gave mankind to his mother through the disciple John. When the early councils of the Church groped with the formulation of the dogmas on the divinity of Jesus, the statements of what our faith teaches about Jesus, they distinguished who Jesus is from what Jesus is. Who is Jesus? He is the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, the Eternal Word of the Father. What is Jesus? He is Divine in nature for all eternity, and human in nature from the moment of the
incarnation within Mary.
But what about Mary? How is she the Mother of God? A woman is a person’s natural mother if she carried him in her womb and if she gave him half of his genetic matter. Mary was the mother of Jesus in both of these senses; because she carried Jesus in her womb and supplied the genetic matter for his human body.
If Mary is the mother of Jesus, and if Jesus is God, then Mary is the Mother of God. Obviously, she is not his mother in the sense that she is older than God or the source of her Son’s divinity. She is the Mother of God in the sense that she carried in her womb a divine person, Jesus Christ, God "in the flesh" (2 John 7, cf. John 1:14), and in the sense that she gave her genetic matter to the human form God took in Jesus Christ.
Here is the exact statement of our faith on why Mary is reverenced as Mother of God. It comes from the Council of Ephesus and was issued in 431 AD:
"We confess, then, our Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, perfect God and perfect man, of a rational soul and a body, begotten before all ages from the Father in his Godhead, the same in the last days, for us and for our salvation, born of Mary the Virgin according to his humanity, one and the same consubstantial with the Father in Godhead and consubstantial with us in humanity, for a union of two natures took place. Therefore we confess one Christ, one Son, one Lord. According to this understanding of the unconfused union, we confess the holy Virgin to be the Mother of God because God the Word took flesh and became man and from his very conception united to himself the temple he took from her" (Formula of Union [A.D. 431]).
OK, so that’s the theology behind today’s feast, a theology that is recognized by all Christians, including those who would rather just ignore it. But what is that saying to us today? It is telling us that Mary was and is a woman like no other. She was not just an obedient teenager. She was not just a concerned mother. She was not just a faith filled but grief stricken mother watching her son die on the cross. She was all this and so much more. She was part of God’s plan for the salvation of mankind. She carried within her the One who created her. There is great truth in our nativity scenes that depict Mary worshiping the child whom she had just borne. Her child is the Son of God.
Mary is the first woman of the New Age of God. She is the New Eve, the new mother of all the living, those living in the Kingdom of God. She is our mother, given to us on the cross, yes, but also given to us for all time in the unfathomable plan of God for our salvation. Therefore we ask our mother to intercede for us with her eternal Son.
When we were little we asked our mothers to fulfill our needs. When we needed to eat, we cried, or, a bit older, we said, “Mom, I’m hungry.” As we got older we had new and more complicated needs, but we knew we could bring them to our mothers. Many times she interceded with our fathers for us. We pray to Mary to fill our needs. We trust her to go to our Father to obtain grace for us.
Prayer to the Blessed Virgin Mary is a fundamental aspect of Christianity. She is both our mother and the Mother of God. That is why the Hail Mary concludes with:
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen